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18 Porpoises 海豚 (3分钟)

2012-5-18 09:21| 发布者: admin| 查看: 1941| 评论: 0|原作者: 裴爱岭

摘要: 新概念英语 怎样如何学好英语 小学生学英语 网上英语培训 英语阅读 提高英语成绩 英语专家讲座
Passage  18 Porpoises   海豚
1.There has long been a superstition among mariners that porpoises will save drowning men by pushing them to the surface, or protect them from sharks by surrounding them in defensive formation.
2.Marine Studio biologists have pointed out that, however intelligent they may be, it is probably a mistake to credit dolphins with any motive of lifesaving.
3.On the occasions when they have pushed to shore an unconscious human being they have much more likely done it out of curiosity or for sport, as in riding the bow waves of a ship.
4.In 1928 some porpoises were photographer working like beavers to push ashore a waterlogged mattress.
5.If, as has been reported, they have protected humans from sharks, it may have been because curiosity attracted them and because the scent of a possible meal attracted the sharks.
6. Porpoises and sharks are natural enemies.
7.It is possible that upon such an occasion a battle ensued, with the sharks being driven away or killed.
8.Whether it be bird, fish or beast, the porpoise is intrigued with anything that is alive.
9. They are constantly after the turtles, who peacefully submit to all sorts of indignities.
10. One young calf especially enjoyed raising a turtle to the surface with his snout and then shoving him across the tank like an aquaplane.
11. Almost any day a young porpoise may be seen trying to turn a 300-pound sea turtle over by sticking his snout under the edge of his shell and pushing up for dear life.
12. This is not easy, and may require two porpoises working together.
13. In another game, as the turtle swims across the oceanarium, the first porpoise swoops down from above and butts his shell with his belly.
14. This knocks the turtle down several feet.
15. He no sooner recovers his equilibrium than the next porpoise comes along and hits him another crack.
16. Eventually the turtle has been butted all the way down to the floor of the tank.
17.He is now satisfied merely to try to stand up, but as soon as he does so a porpoise knocks him flat.
18. The turtle at last gives up by pulling his feet under his shell and the game is over.

New words and expressions 生词和短语
has long been 长期以来
superstition 迷信
mariners 海员(复数)
porpoises 海豚(复数)
drowning men 快要淹死的人
surface 水面
protect from 保护
sharks 鲨鱼(复数)
surrounding 围起
defensive 可保护的
formation 列队
——————————————————
Marine Studio 海洋摄影室
biologists 生物学家(复数)
have pointed out 指出(现在完成时)
intelligent 聪明的
mistake 错误
credit 相信
dolphins 海豚(复数)
motive 动机
lifesaving 救人
——————————————————
on the occasions 在那时
have pushed to 推向(现在完成时)
shore 岸边
unconscious 失去知觉的
human being 人
more likely 更可能
out of curiosity 出于好奇
sport 游戏
in riding 追逐
bow waves 浪花
——————————————————
porpoises 海豚
beavers 海狸(复数)
ashore 岸
waterlogged 浸满水的
mattress 床垫
——————————————————
has been reported 报道(现在完成时)
protected from 保护不受...侵害
sharks 鲨鱼(复数)
curiosity 好奇
attracted 吸引(过去式)
scent 香味
a meal 一顿
——————————————————
porpoises 海豚(复数)
sharks 鲨鱼(复数)
natural 天然的
enemies仇敌(复数)
——————————————————
possible 可能的
occasion 情况
battle 搏斗
ensued 随之而来的
being driven away 被赶走
being killed 被咬死
——————————————————
whether 不管
beast 野兽
porpoise 海豚
intrigued with 非常感兴趣
alive 活着的
——————————————————
constantly 不断地
turtles 海归(复数)
peacefully 温顺地
submit to 忍受
all sorts of 各种各样的
indignities 侮辱(复数)
——————————————————
young calf 小海豚
especially 特别
raising to 举起来
turtle 海归
surface 水面
snout 鼻子
shoving 推开
tank 水池
aquaplane 滑水板
——————————————————
almost 几乎
porpoise 海豚
trying to 拼命的
turn over 翻过来
300-pound 300磅
sea turtle 海龟
sticking snout 用嘴咬住
the edge of 边缘
shell 壳
for dear life 拼命的
——————————————————
require 需要
porpoises 海豚(复数)
working together 合作
——————————————————
turtle 海龟
swims across 游过
oceanarium 海洋水族馆
porpoise 海豚
swoops down 猛扑下去(第三人称单数)
butts 撞击(第三人称单数)
shell 龟壳
belly 腹部
——————————————————
knocks down 撞下去
several feet 好几英尺
——————————————————
no sooner 刚刚
recovers 恢复(第三人称单数)
equilibrium 平衡
comes along 随同
——————————————————
eventually 最终
turtle 海龟
has been butted 被撞(现在完成时)
the floor of the tank 池底
——————————————————
satisfied 满足的
merely to 仅仅
try to 尝试
stand up 站起来
as soon as 一...就
porpoise 海豚(复数)
knocks flat 击倒(第三人称单数)
——————————————————
turtle 海龟
at last 终于
gives up 屈服(第三人称单数)
pulling 蜷缩
shell 壳
over 结束
——————————————————
参考译文 :

1.长期以来,海员中流传着一种迷信的说法,认为海豚会把快要淹死的人托到水面,救人性命;或在人们周围列队保护,使他们免遭鲨鱼伤害。
2.海洋摄影室的生物学家指出,无论海豚多么聪明,相信它们有救人的动机可能是错误的。
3.在它们偶尔把一个失去知觉的人推到岸边时,更大的可能是出于好奇或游戏,就像它们追逐被船首犁开的浪花一样。
4.1928年,有人拍摄到了海豚像海狸一样把浸透水的床垫推上岸的情景。
5.正如报道中所说,如果海豚保护人不受鲨鱼侵害,那么它们可能是出于好奇;而鲨鱼可能是闻到了可以美食一顿的香味。
6.海豚和鲨鱼是天然仇敌,
7.这种情况下双方可能随之发生搏斗,搏斗结果是海豚赶走或咬死鲨鱼。
8.海豚对凡是活的东西都感兴趣,不管是鸟、是鱼,还是野兽。
9.它们经常追逐海龟,海龟则温顺地忍受着各种侮辱。
10.一只小海豚特别喜欢用鼻子把海龟推到水面,然后像滑水板一样把海龟从水池的这一边推到那一边。
11.几乎每天都可以看到一只小海豚把鼻子顶入一只300磅重的海龟的硬壳下面,拼命地把它翻过来。
12.这并非易事,可能需要两只海豚合伙干才行。
13.在另一场游戏中,当海龟游过水族馆时,第一只海豚从上方猛扑下去,用腹部撞击龟壳。
14.这一下子把海龟撞下去好几英尺。
15.海龟刚恢复平衡,第二只海豚又随同冲过来猛击一下。
16.这只海龟最终被撞到池底。
17.此时的海龟,只要能站起来就满足了,但它刚站起来,就被一只海豚击倒。
18.海龟终于屈服了,将4条腿缩进壳内。游戏到此结束。
 
 

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