找回密码
 注册
德州家教网 新概念第四册2 查看内容

22 Knowledge and progress 知识和进步 (3分钟)

2012-5-17 21:18| 发布者: admin| 查看: 1856| 评论: 0|原作者: 宋娜娜

摘要: 新概念英语 怎样如何学好英语 小学生学英语 网上英语培训 英语阅读 提高英语成绩 英语专家讲座
Passage 22 Knowledge and progress
1.Why does the idea of progress loom so large in the modern world?
2.Surely because progress of a particular kind is actually taking place around us and is becoming more and more manifest.
3.Although mankind has undergone no general improvement in intelligence or morality, it has made extraordinary progress in the accumulation of knowledge.
4.Knowledge began to increase as soon as the thoughts of one individual could be communicated to another by means of speech.
5.With the invention of writing, a great advance was made, for knowledge could then be not only communicated but also stored.
6.Libraries made education possible, and education in its turn added to libraries: the growth of knowledge followed a kind of compound interest law, which was greatly enhanced by the invention of printing
7.All this was comparatively slow until, with the coming of science, the tempo was suddenly raised.
8.Then knowledge began to be accumulated according to a systematic plan.
9.The trickle became a stream; the stream has now become a torrent.
10.Moreover, as soon as new knowledge is acquired, it is now turned to practical account.
11.What is called 'modern civilization' is not the result of a balanced development of all man's nature, but of accumulated knowledge applied to practical life.
12.The problem now facing humanity is: What is going to be done with all this knowledge?
13.As is so often pointed out, knowledge is a two-edged weapon which can be used equally for good or evil.
14.It is now being used indifferently for both. Could any spectacle, for instance, be more grimly whimsical than that of gunners using science to shatter men's bodies while, close at hand, surgeons use it to restore them?
15.We have to ask ourselves very seriously what will happen if this twofold use of knowledge, with its ever-increasing power, continues.
 
New words and expressions 生词与短语
loom  赫然耸起
___________________________________
particular  特殊的
manifest  明显的
___________________________________
mankind  人类
undergone  经受(检阅、考验等)
improvement  进步
intelligence  智力
morality  道德
extraordinary非常的
accumulation  积累
___________________________________
increase  增加
individual  个人的
communicated 交流
speech  演讲
___________________________________
advance 进步
___________________________________
compound  复合的
enhanced  增加
___________________________________
comparatively  比较
tempo  速率
___________________________________
accumulated  积累
systematic  有系统的
___________________________________
trickle  涓涓细流
torrent.  滔滔洪流
___________________________________
moreove  而且
acquired已获得的。
Practical  实际上的
account. 计算
___________________________________
civilization'文明
balanced  平衡的
development  发展
applied  应用的
___________________________________
humanity  人类
___________________________________
two-edged  双刃的
weapon  兵器
equally  相等地
evil. 有害的
___________________________________
indifferently  漫不经心地
spectacle  情景
instance 例证
grimly 可怖地
whimsical  怪诞的
gunners 炮兵
shatter  毁坏
surgeons  外科医生
restore 恢复
___________________________________
twofold双重的
ever-increasing 日益增长的
___________________________________
参考译文
 
知识和进步    
1.为什么进步这个概念在现代世界显得如此突出?
2.无疑是因为有一种特殊的进步实际上正在我们周围发生,而且变得越来越明显。
3.虽然人类有智力和道德上没有得到普遍提高,但在知识积累方面却取得了巨大的进步。
4.人一旦能用语言同别人交流思想,知识的积累便开始了。
5.随着书写的发明,又迈进了一大步,因为这样一来,知识不仅能交流,而且能储存了
6.藏书使教育成为可能,而教育反过来又丰富了藏书,因为知识的增长遵循着一种“滚雪球”的规律。印刷术的发明又大大提高了知识增长的速度。
7.所有这些发展都比较缓慢,而随着科学的到来,增长的速度才突然加快
8.于是,知识便开始有系统有计划地积累起来
9.涓涓细流汇成小溪,小溪现已变成了奔腾的江河
10.而且,新知识一旦获得,便得到实际应用。
11.所谓“现代文明”并不是人的天性平衡发展的结果,而是积累起来的知识应用到实际生活中的结果。
12.现在人类面临的问题是:用这些知识去做什么?
13.正像人们常常指出的,知识是一把双刃刀,可以用于造福,也可以用来为害。
14.人们现在正漫不经心地把知识用于这两个方面,例如:炮兵利用科学毁坏人的身体、而外科医生就在附近用科学抢救被炮兵毁坏的人体,还有什么情景比这更可怕、更怪诞的吗?
15.我们不得不严肃地问问我们自己:随着日益增长的知识的力量,如果我们继续利用知识的这种双重性,将会发生什么样的情况呢?

鲜花

握手

雷人
1

路过

鸡蛋
关于我们  |   积分规则  |   论坛版规  |   友情链接  |   法律声明  |   腾讯微博  |   新浪微博  |   联系我们  |   网站地图  |   清除Cookies  |   无图版  |   WAP  |   返回顶部
版权所有:德州家教网 系统支持:DZX1.5   广告服务/联系:QQ:87512589       交流QQ群    

免责声明: 本站

信息产业部备案: 鲁ICP备09052530号 Powered by 德州家教网 Copyright© 2010-2020 www.dezhoujiajiao.com All Right Reserved   

鲁公网安备 37140202000296号

      百度 google 搜狗 雅虎 迅雷 114