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48 Planning a share portfolio 规划股份投资 (3分钟)

2012-5-16 09:25| 发布者: admin| 查看: 2256| 评论: 0|原作者: 裴爱玲

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Passage  48  Planning a share portfolio  规划股份投资
1.There is no shortage of tipsters around offering 'get-rich-quick' opportunities.
2.But if you are a serious private investor, leave the Las Vegas mentality to those with money to fritter.
3.The serious investor needs a proper 'portfolio' -- a well-planned selection of investments, with a definite structure and a clear aim.
4.But exactly how does a newcomer to the stock market go about achieving that?
5.Well, if you go to five reputable stock brokers and ask them what you should do with your money, you're likely to get five different answers, -- even if you give all the relevant information about your age , family, finances and what you want from your investments.
6.Moral? There is no one 'right' way to structure a portfolio.
7.However, there are undoubtedly some wrong ways, and you can be sure that none of our five advisers would have suggested sinking all (or perhaps any) of your money into Periwigs*.
8.So what should you do?
9.We'll assume that you have sorted out the basics -- like mortgages, pensions, insurance and access to sufficient cash reserves.
10.You should then establish your own individual aims.
11.These are partly a matter of personal circumstances, partly a matter of psychology.
12.For instance, if you are older you have less time to recover from any major losses, and you may well wish to boost your pension income.
13.So preserving your capital and generating extra income are your main priorities.
14.In this case, you'd probably construct a portfolio with some shares (but not high risk ones), along with gilts, cash deposits, and perhaps convertibles or the income shares of split capital investment trusts.
15.If you are younger, and in a solid financial position, you may decide to take an aggressive approach -- but only if you're blessed with a sanguine disposition and won't suffer sleepless nights over share prices.
16.If you recognize yourself in this description ,you might include a couple of  heady growth stocks in your portfolio, alongside your more pedestrian investments.
17.Once you have decided on your investment aims, you can then decide where to put your money.
18.The golden rule here is spread your risk -- if you put all of your money into Periwigs International, you're setting yourself up as a hostage to fortune.
19.* 'Periwigs' is the name of a fictitious company.
New words and expressions 生词和短语
shortage 缺乏
tipsters 情报贩子(复数)
offering 提供
get-rich-quick 迅速发财致富
opportunities 机遇(复数)_____________________________________
serious 认真的
private 私人的
investor 投资者
Las Vegas 拉斯韦加斯
mentality 心态
serious 认真的
portfolio  投资组合
well-planned 计划很周密的
selection 选择
investments 投资(复数)
definite 一定的
structure 结构
clear 明确的
aim 目标
exactly 恰巧地
newcomer 新手
stock 股票
market 市场
achieving 做到
reputable 有威望的
stock 股票
brokers 经纪人(复数)
likely to 很可能
different 不同的
relevant 有关的
finances 财源(复数)
investments 投资(复数)
moral 道德问题
right 正确
structure 排列
portfolio 投资组合
undoubtedly 毫无疑问
advisers 经纪人(复数)
would have suggested 建议(虚拟语气)
sinking 投入
assume 假定
have sorted out 把...弄清楚(现在完成时)
basics 基本情况(复数)
mortgages抵押贷款 (复数)
pensions 养老金(复数)
insurance 保险金
access to动用...的机会
sufficient 足够的
cash reserves现金储备
establish 建立
individual 自己的
partly 一方面
a matter of ...的问题
personal 个人的
circumstances 环境(复数)
psychology 心理学
for instance 比如
less 少的
recover from 从...中恢复过来
major 重大的
losses 损失(复数)
boost 提高
pension 养老金
income 收入
preserving 保护
capital 资金
generating 引发
extra 额外的
main priorities 首要任务
case 情况
probably 可能
construct 制定
portfolio 投资组合
shares 股份(复数)
risk 风险
along with 同时还有
gilts 金边证券(复数,高度可靠的证券)
cash 现金
deposits 储备(复数)
perhaps 可能
convertibles 可换证券(复数)
split 分割
capital investment 资本投资
trusts 信托公司
solid 可靠的
financial 金融的
position 职务
decide 决定
aggressive 积极进取的
approach 方式
blessed 快乐的
sanguine 乐观的
disposition 处置
suffer 遭受
sleepless 失眠的
description 情况
a couple of 几项
heady 令人陶醉的
portfolio 投资组合
alongside 在一起
pedestrian 比较平淡的
investments 投资项目(复数)
decided 决定
investment 投资
aims 目标(复数)
golden rule 黄金法则
spread 分散
international 国际的
setting yourself up 把自己当作
hostage 人质
fortune 命运
fictitious 虚构的 
company 公司

3.认真的投资者需要一份正规的投资组合表 ---一种计划很周密的投资选择,包括一定的投资结构和明确的目标。
4.但是, 一个股票市场的新手又如何能做到这一点呢?
15.如果你年轻一些,并且经济状况可靠,你可能会采取一种积极进取的方式 -- 你必须性格开朗,不会因股票价格的浮动而夜不能眠。





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