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22 By heart熟记台词 (2分钟)

2012-4-21 12:23| 发布者: admin| 查看: 3629| 评论: 0|原作者: 宋丽霞

摘要: 。
Passage 22 By heart熟记台词
1.Some plays are so successful that they run for years on end.
2.In many ways, this is unfortunate for the poor actors who are required to go on
repeating the same lines night after night.
3.One would expect them to know their parts by heart and never have cause to falter.
4.Yet this is not always the case.
5.A famous actor in a highly successful play was once cast in the role of an aristocrat who
had been imprisoned in the Bastille for twenty years.
6.In the last act, a gaoler would always come on to the stage with a letter which he would
hand to the prisoner.
7.Even though the noble was expected to read the letter at each performance, he always
insisted that it should be written out in full.
8.One night, the gaoler decided to play a joke on his colleague to find out if, after so
many performances, he had managed to learn the contents of the letter by heart.
9.The curtain went up on the final act of the play and revealed the aristocrat sitting
alone behind bars in his dark cell. Just then, the gaoler appeared with the precious letter in his bands.
10.He entered the cell and presented the letter to the aristocrat.
11.But the copy he gave him had not been written out in full as usual.
12.It was simply a blank sheet of paper. The gaoler looked on eagerly, anxious to see if
his fellow actor had at last learnt his lines.
13.The noble stared at the blank sheet of paper for a few seconds.
14.Then, squinting his eyes, he said: 'The light is dim. Read the letter to me'.
15.And he promptly handed the sheet of paper to the gaoler.
16.Finding that he could not remember a word of the letter either, the gaoler replied:
'The light is indeed dim, sire, I must get my glasses.'
17.With this, he hurried off the stage. Much to the aristocrat's amusement, the gaoler
returned a few moments later with a pair of glasses and the usual copy of the letter with he proceeded to read to the prisoner.
 
New words and expressions 生词和短语  
by heart熟记,背诵
successful成功的
run (ran, run)(戏剧,电影等)连演,连映
on end 连续
————————
in many ways从很多方面来说
unfortunate倒霉的
poor可怜的
are required被要求(被动语态require sb to do sth)
repeating 重复
night after night一夜连一夜
————————————————————
would expect (表示重复和习惯行为不是过去将来时)
cause 引起
falter(声音)颤抖;结巴地说
——————————————————
highly非常,很,高度地
role 角色
aristocrat 贵族 
imprisoned 关押
——————————————
gaoler 监狱长,看守
stage 舞台  
prisoner狱卒
————————————
even though 即使
performance 演出
———————————————
insisted 坚持  
in full全的
colleague 同事
find out 发现  
manage想办法 
contents 内容
————————————
curtain舞台幕布
revealed 揭示
aristocrat 贵族
——————————
alone 单独的
appeared 出现
precious珍贵的
entered 走进(过去式)
presented 交给
had not been written out 写着(过去完成被动语态)
as usual和平常一样
————————
simply仅仅; 只不过
blank空白的
———————————————
looked on观察着
eagerly急切的
anxious 关心的,渴望的
fellow 同事
lines台词
—————————————
stared盯着(过去式)
squinting斜视(动名词)
dim昏暗
——————
promptly敏捷地;迅速地;立即地
————————
handed 交给(过去式)
replied 回答
indeed的确 
——————
hurried off 匆匆下台
amusement娱乐 
returned返回
proceeded继续
  
参考译文
1.有些剧目十分成功,以致连续上演好几年。
2.这样一来,可怜的演员们可倒霉了。
3.因为他们需要一夜连着一夜地重复同样的台词。
4.人们以为,这些演员一定会把台词背得烂熟,绝不会临场结巴的,但情况却并不总是这样。
5.有一位名演员曾在一出极为成功的剧目中扮演一个贵族角色,这个贵族已在巴士底狱被关押了20年。
6.在最后一幕中,狱卒手持一封信上场,然后将信交给狱中那位贵族。
7.尽管那个贵族每场戏都得念一遍那封信。但他还是坚持要求将信的全文写在信纸上。
8.一天晚上,狱卒决定与他的同事开一个玩笑,看看他反复演出这么多场之后,是否已将信的内容记熟了

9.大幕拉开,最后一幕戏开演,贵族独自一人坐在铁窗后阴暗的牢房里。
10.这时狱卒上场,手里拿着那封珍贵的信。狱卒走进牢房,将信交给贵族。
11.但这回狱卒给贵族的信没有像往常那样把全文写全,
12.而是一张白纸。狱卒热切地观察着,急于想了解他的同事是否记熟了台词。
13.贵族盯着纸看了几秒钟,然后
14.眼珠一转,说道:“光线太暗,请给我读一下这封信。”
15.说完,他一下子把信递给狱卒。
16.狱卒发现自己连一个字也记不住,于是便说:“陛下,这儿光线的确太暗了,我得去眼镜拿来。”他一边
说着,一边匆匆下台。
17.贵族感到非常好笑的是:一会儿工夫,狱卒重新登台,拿来一副眼镜以及平时使用的那封信,然后为那囚
犯念了起来。
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